Rural Homes & Water Sources

A variety of pollutants from pesticides, fertilizers to septic system overflows and animal manure from rural homes often make their way into nearby streams and often do not get treated before reaching Lake Champlain. These wastes make our waters unhealthy and unsafe for people and wildlife.

Follow the practices below to help prevent stormwater pollution.


Protecting Your Well
Since even old, uncapped and abandoned wells can serve as direct conduits to our groundwater, it’s important to maintain these areas. Keep all livestock confinement areas away from all wells, and keep septic drain fields and chemical storage areas down slope from wells. Install anti-siphoning devices between your well and water pipes to prevent backflow of pollutants and drinking water contamination. REMEMBER: Never dispose of anything in wells.


Fertilizers & Pesticides
Avoid buying and mixing more pesticide than you need, and never apply more than the recommended amount. Consider spot treatments, rather than spraying pesticides everywhere. REMEMBER: Don’t dispose of excess chemicals by dumping them on the ground, pouring them down a well, or draining them into ditches, sewers, drains or septic systems. Call (802)524-5986 for disposal information. Finally, store chemicals in a covered area, with an impermeable lined floor to prevent contact with rainwater.


Landscaping Solutions
Reduce soil erosion by covering parking areas with gravel and covering other exposed soils with vegetation. Gravel and vegetation will not only improve the appearance of your home, but will also assist in filtering out pollutants from water. For information call VT Master Gardener: 1-800-639-2230.


Autos & Other Equipment
Repair vehicles and other equipment away from wells, ditches and drains. Avoid accidental spills by using a drip pan and funnel when draining or pouring fluids. Prevent leaks from stored vehicles by draining gas, hydraulic oil, and transmission, brake and radiator fluid. For recycling information, call (802)524-5986.


Septic Systems
Septic systems should never be piped into a road ditch, storm sewer, stream, or farm drain tile system. Also, avoid washing or flushing grease, alcohol, or strong chemicals into your septic system; these substances kill the bacteria needed to break down wastes. Have your septic system emptied regularly.

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